Ant intelligence reading answers

When we think of intelligent members of the animal kingdom, the creatures that spring immediately to mind are apes and monkeys. But in fact the social lives of some members of the insect kingdom are sufficiently complex to suggest more than a hint of intelligence. Among these, the world of the ant has come in for considerable scrutiny lately, and the idea that ants demonstrate sparks of cognition has certainly not been rejected by those involved in these investigations.

Ants store food, repel attackers and use chemical signals to contact one another in case of attack. Such chemical communication can be compared to the human use of visual and auditory channels as in religious chants, advertising images and jingles, political slogans and martial music to arouse and propagate moods and attitudes. The biologist Lewis Thomas wrote Ants are so much like human beings as to be an embarrassment.

They farm fungi, raise aphids as livestock, launch armies to war, use chemical sprays to alarm and confuse enemies, capture slaves, engage in child labour, exchange information ceaselessly. They do everything but watch television. However, in ants there is no cultural transmission — everything must be encoded in the genes — whereas in humans the opposite is true. Only basic instincts are carried in the genes of a newborn baby, other skills being learned from others in the community as the child grows up.

It may seem that this cultural continuity gives us a huge advantage over ants. They have never mastered fire nor progressed. Their fungus farming and aphid herding crafts are sophisticated when compared to the agricultural skills of humans five thousand-years ago but have been totally overtaken by modem human agribusiness.

Or have they? The farming methods of ants are at least sustainable. They do not ruin environments or use enormous amounts of energy. Moreover, recent evidence suggests that the crop farming of ants may be more sophisticated and adaptable than was thought.

Ants were farmers fifty million years before humans were. The ants therefore cultivate these fungi in their nests, bringing them leaves to feed on, and then use them as a source of food. It was once thought that the fungus that ants cultivate was a single type that they had propagated, essentially unchanged from the distant past. Not so. These turned out to be highly diverse: it seems that ants are continually domesticating new species.

Even more impressively, DNA analysis of the fungi suggests that the ants improve or modify the fungi by regularly swapping and sharing strains with neigh boring ant colonies. Whereas prehistoric man had no exposure to urban lifestyles — the forcing house, of intelligence — the evidence suggests that ants have lived in urban settings for close on a hundred million years, developing and maintaining underground cities of specialised chambers and tunnels.

When we survey Mexico City, Tokyo, Los Angeles, we are amazed at what has been accomplished by humans. Such enduring and intricately meshed levels of technical achievement outstrip by far anything achieved by our distant ancestors.

ant intelligence reading answers

We hail as masterpieces the cave paintings in southern France and elsewhere, dating back some 20, years. Ant societies existed in something like their present form more than seventy million years ago. Beside this, prehistoric man looks technologically primitive.

Is this then some kind of intelligence, albeit of a different kind? Research conducted at Oxford, Sussex and Zurich Universities has shown that when; desert ants return from a foraging trip, they navigate by integrating bearings and distances, which they continuously update their heads. They combine the evidence of visual landmarks with a mental library of local directions, all within a framework which is consulted and updated.

So ants can learn too. And in a twelve-year programme of work, Ryabko and Reznikova have found evidence that ants can transmit very complex messages. Scouts who had located food in a maze returned to mobilise their foraging teams. They engaged in contact sessions, at the end of which the scout was removed in order to observe what her team might do. Often the foragers proceeded to the exact spot in the maze where the food had been Elaborate precautions were taken to prevent the foraging team using odour clues.

During the course of this exhaustive study, Reznikova has grown so attached to her laboratory ants that she feels she knows them as individuals — even without the paint spots used to mark them. Be careful of little lives.Found a mistake? Let us know! Share this Practice Test. They do everything but watch television. Or have they? The farming methods of ants are at least sustainable. Ants were farmers fifty million years before humans were.

Not so. Ant societies.

ant intelligence reading answers

Write the correct letter, A-Oin boxes on your answer sheet. Ants have sophisticated methods of farming, including herding livestock and growing crops, which are in many ways similar to those used in human agriculture. Please descibe the mistake as details as possible along with your expected correction, leave your email so we can contact with you when needed. Please enter description. Please enter a valid email. Solution for: Ant Intelligence Answer Table 1.

FALSE 8. TRUE 9. TRUE FALSE Follow us on Facebook Mini ielts. Ant Intelligence. Questions Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage? Questions Complete the summary using the list of words, A-Obelow. Ants as farmers Ants have sophisticated methods of farming, including herding livestock and growing crops, which are in many ways similar to those used in human agriculture.

Other Tests.You should spend about 20 minutes on Questionswhich are based on Reading Passage below. Ant Intelligence When we think of intelligent members of the animal kingdom, the creatures that spring immediately to mind are apes and monkeys. But in fact, the social lives of some members of the insect kingdom are sufficiently complex to suggest more than a hint of intelligence. Among these, the world of the ant has come in for considerable scrutiny lately, and the idea that ants demonstrate sparks of cognition has certainly not been rejected by those involved in these investigations.

Ants store food, repel attackers and use chemical signals to contact one another in case of attack. Such chemical communication can be compared to the human use of visual and auditory channels as in religious chants, advertising images and jingles, political slogans and martial music to arouse and propagate moods and attitudes. The biologist Lewis Thomas wrote Ants are so much like human beings as to be an embarrassment.

They farm fungi, raise aphids as livestock, launch armies to war, use chemical sprays to alarm and confuse enemies, capture slaves, engage in child labour, exchange information ceaselessly. They do everything but watch television. Only basic instincts are carried in the genes of a newborn baby, other skills being learned from others in the community as the child grows up. It may seem that this cultural continuity gives us a huge advantage over ants.

They have never mastered fire nor progressed. Their fungus farming and aphid herding crafts are sophisticated when compared to the agricultural skills of humans five thousand years ago but have been totally overtaken by modem human agribusiness. Or have they? The farming methods of ants are at least sustainable. They do not ruin environments or use enormous amounts of energy.

Moreover, recent evidence suggests that the crop farming of ants may be more sophisticated and adaptable than was thought. Ants were farmers fifty million years before humans were. Ants can't digest the cellulose in leaves - but some fungi can. The ants, therefore, cultivate these fungi in their nests, bringing them leaves to feed on, and then use them as a source of food.

Farmer ants secrete antibiotics to control other fungi that might act as 'weeds', and spread waste to fertilise the crop. It was once thought that the fungus that ants cultivate was a single type that they had propagated, essentially unchanged from the distant past.

Not so. Ulrich Mueller of Maryland and his colleagues genetically screened different types of fungi taken from ants' nests. These turned out to be highly diverse: it seems that ants are continually domesticating new species. Even more impressively, DNA analysis of the fungi suggests that the ants improve or modify the fungi by regularly swapping and sharing strains with neighboring ant colonies. Whereas prehistoric man had no exposure to urban lifestyles - the forcing house, of intelligence - the evidence suggests that ants have lived in urban settings for close on a hundred million years, developing and maintaining underground cities of specialised chambers and tunnels.

When we survey Mexico City, Tokyo, Los Angeles, we are amazed at what has been accomplished by humans. Yet Hoelldobler and Wilson's magnificent work for ant lovers, the Ants, describes a supercolony of the ant Formica yessensis on the Ishikari Coast of Hokkaido. This 'megalopolis' was reported to be composed of million workers and a million queens living in 4, interconnected nests across a territory of 2.

Such enduring and intricately meshed levels of technical achievement outstrip by far anything achieved by our distant ancestors. We hail as masterpieces the cave paintings in southern France and elsewhere, dating back some 20, years.

Ant societies existed in something like their present form more than seventy million years ago. Beside this, prehistoric man looks technologically primitive.

Is this then some kind of intelligence, albeit of a different kind? Research conducted at Oxford, Sussex and Zurich Universities has shown that when; desert ants return from a foraging trip, they navigate by integrating bearings and distances, which they continuously update their heads.

They combine the evidence of visual landmarks with a mental library of local directions, all within a framework which is consulted and updated.You should spend about 20 minutes on Questionswhich are based on Reading Passage 1 below. They do everything but watch television. Or have they? The farming methods of ants are at least sustainable. Ants were farmers fifty million years before humans were. Not so. Ant societies.

Ants have sophisticated methods of farming, including herding livestock and growing crops, which are in many ways similar to those used in human agriculture. Genetic analysis shows they constantly upgrade these fungi by developing new species and by 10 …. Be careful of little lives. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account.

Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Ant societies existed in something like their present form more than seventy million years ago. Questions Complete the summary using the list of words, A-Obelow. Write the correct letter, A-Oin boxes on your answer sheet. Ants as farmers Ants have sophisticated methods of farming, including herding livestock and growing crops, which are in many ways similar to those used in human agriculture.

Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment hereThey do everything but watch television.

Or have they?

Answers for “Ant Intelligence” with Explanations

The farming methods of ants are at least sustainable. Ants were farmers fifty million years before humans were. Not so. Ant societies. Write the correct letter, A-Oin boxes on your answer sheet.

Ants have sophisticated methods of farming, including herding livestock and growing crops, which are in many ways similar to those used in human agriculture. Found a mistake? Let us know! Please descibe the mistake as details as possible along with your expected correction, leave your email so we can contact with you when needed. Please enter description.

Please enter a valid email. Larger Text. Ant Intelligence. Show workspace. Questions Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage? Questions Complete the summary using the list of words, A-Obelow. Ants as farmers Ants have sophisticated methods of farming, including herding livestock and growing crops, which are in many ways similar to those used in human agriculture.

Question Pallete. Exit Retake the test Cancel. Submit and view Answers Cancel. Preparation Read the question carefully and try to answer as many questions as possible In the test On top of each questions, there a space for you to draft, you can quickly taking note of anything that you think it may related to the answers. Remember to transfer them to the answer boxes. You can resize Reading Text and Question columns by dragging the grip to suite your needs Review your questions before submitting to avoid unfortunate mistakes by clicking the button.

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Enter your name:. Enter your email address: Please enter a valid email. Thank you! We will get back to you shortly. Send Close.Such chemical communication can be compared to the human use of visual and auditory channels as in religious chants, advertising images and jingles, political slogans and martial music …. These two channels of communication can be compared to each other, but they are not the same. Such enduring and intricately meshed levels of technical achievement outstrip by far anything achieved by our distant ancestors.

This means that foraging teams in the experiment cannot rely on smell to find food. The writer just states that the essay advises people to take notice of ants. There is no information about whether the essay does or does not explore ant communication.

The ants therefore cultivate these fungi in their nests, bringing them leaves to feed on, and then use them as a source of food.

After the fungi have eaten the leaves, the cellulose in the leaves is converted by the fungi into a form of food that ants can then digest. Here we need a noun- something that fungi can digest,and something that they convert into a different form for ants to eat. So unwanted material is used as fertilizers.

ant intelligence reading answers

Human agribusiness is referred to at the end of paragraph 3. They do not ruin environments or use enormous amounts of energy.

This is a short paragraph. A number of new techniques developed…. And when did this event, or events, take place?

Exam Review

The most suitable heading is x. They found that their Gmallotypes could be divided into two groups… Other tests showed that. The conclusions which this genetic research supports is the conclusion mentioned in Section D — that there were three waves of migration.

Therefore, we know that the paragraph is about evidence in terms of teeth.

IELTS Cambridge 7 answer- Reading test 2 passage 1

The most suitable heading is ii. After a long time in Canada, in the second period or years ago, these people migrated south from Canada to the USA, shown on the map by the arrows, D. So, this route is from Canada to the USA, or years ago. However this does not mean that in the future they will be ignored.

Keywords: Nordic, outside the European Economic Community. Those confined to particular geographical areas, such as countries bordering the Mediterranean or the Nordic countries therefore had to be discarded. The other aspects have been recognised only for a few centuries but they are becoming more and more important. This means that biological functions have been recognised for a few centuries, not only in the twentieth century.

The Strasbourg conference was one of the first events on such a scale to reach this conclusion.This website is designed for non-native English speakers who need to study in America, Australia and Europe or Work where English is the language of communication. Contact Sitemap Downloads. You should spend about 20 minutes on Questionswhich are based on IELTS Reading Passage below: Ant Intelligence When we think of intelligent members of the animal kingdom, the creatures that spring immediately to mind are apes and monkeys.

But in fact the social lives of some members of the insect kingdom are sufficiently complex to suggest more than a hint of intelligence. Among these, the world of the ant has come in for considerable scrutiny lately, and the idea that ants demonstrate sparks of cognition has certainly not been rejected by those involved in these investigations.

Ants store food, repel attackers and use chemical signals to contact one another in case of attack. Such chemical communication can be compared to the human use of visual and auditory channels as in religious chants, advertising images and jingles, political slogans and martial music to arouse and propagate moods and attitudes. The biologist Lewis Thomas wrote Ants are so much like human beings as to be an embarrassment. They farm fungi, raise aphids as livestock, launch armies to war, use chemical sprays to alarm and confuse enemies, capture slaves, engage in child labour, exchange information ceaselessly.

They do everything but watch television. Only basic instincts are carried in the genes of a newborn baby, other skills being learned from others in the community as the child grows up.

It may seem that this cultural continuity gives us a huge advantage over ants. They have never mastered fire nor progressed. Their fungus farming and aphid herding crafts are sophisticated when compared to the agricultural skills of humans five thousand-years ago but have been totally overtaken by modem human agribusiness. Or have they? The farming methods of ants are at least sustainable.

They do not ruin environments or use enormous amounts of energy.

ant intelligence reading answers

Moreover, recent evidence suggests that the crop farming of ants may be more sophisticated and adaptable than was thought. Ants were farmers fifty million years before humans were. Ants can't digest the cellulose in leaves - but some fungi can. The ants therefore cultivate these fungi in their nests, bringing them leaves to feed on, and then use them as a source of food. Farmer ants secrete antibiotics to control other fungi that might act as 'weeds', and spread waste to fertilise the crop.

It was once thought that the fungus that ants cultivate was a single type that they had propagated, essentially unchanged from the distant past. Not so. Ulrich Mueller of Maryland and his colleagues genetically screened different types of fungi taken from ants' nests.

These turned out to be highly diverse: it seems that ants are continually domesticating new species. Even more impressively, DNA analysis of the fungi suggests that the ants improve or modify the fungi by regularly swapping and sharing strains with neigh boring ant colonies.

Whereas prehistoric man had no exposure to urban lifestyles - the forcing house, of intelligence - the evidence suggests that ants have lived in urban settings for close on a hundred million years, developing and maintaining underground cities of specialised chambers and tunnels. When we survey Mexico City, Tokyo, Los Angeles, we are amazed at what has been accomplished by humans.

Yet Hoelldobler and Wilson's magnificent work for ant lovers, the Ants, describes a supercolony of the ant Formica yessensis on the Ishikari Coast of Hokkaido. This 'megalopolis' was reported to be composed of million workers and a million queens living in 4, interconnected nests across a territory of 2. Such enduring and intricately meshed levels of technical achievement outstrip by far anything achieved by our distant ancestors. We hail as masterpieces the cave paintings in southern France and elsewhere, dating back some 20, years.

Ant societies existed in something like their present form more than seventy million years ago. Beside this, prehistoric man looks technologically primitive.


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